一点湿度对于在房屋中的舒适感很重要,尤其是在冬季。但是,过多的蒸气,再加上合成材料,农药,清洁剂和家用化学物质的烟雾,不仅会使房屋的空气不仅不舒服,而且有毒。答案?通风。房屋需要呼吸。他们应该抽出新鲜的空气和排气陈旧的空气。实际上,一些专家建议应每小时交换房屋的一半。

房屋通风系统的图,包括阁楼,厨房和粉底通风口。
许多设备和通风孔合并以正确通风房屋。©Don Vandervort,Hometips

当然,您可以通过打开门和窗户来鼓励通风。但是诀窍是提供所需的通风,而不会向窗外发送昂贵的家庭加热和冷却能源。

一所房子通过在房屋的无人居住的部分(例如阁楼和爬行空间)中拥有适当的类型和风扇的合适类型和组合来实现这一壮举厨房射程引擎盖,,,,浴室迷,,,,全室粉丝和类似的设备。以下是对一些有用的通风口的仔细观察。

家Exhaust Vents

排气通风孔有助于从屋顶流出温暖的空气。排气通风口的类型包括:

Ridge vent.一种山脊通风口is typically a louvered section of metal extruding from and covering a gap at the top of the roof. These run the entire roof length. The louvers release air from the attic and prevent rain and other inclement weather from entering the house. These are the most effective way to exhaust hot air from your home.

Black and white illustration of a ridge vent, including direction of air movement.
山脊通风口沿着屋顶的山峰延伸,排气热空气。© Don Vandervort, HomeTips

屋顶通风口。基本的屋顶通风口是小型,方形和金属。有些人有一个由恒温器控制的风扇,可以帮助快速耗尽热空气。

涡轮通风口。一种涡轮通风口is another type of roof vent. It features contoured vanes that pull heat from the attic, turning with assistance from the faintest breeze. Their raised profile can be more noticeable than that of the standard roof vent, so if aesthetics are an issue, you may want to have them installed on the back, rather than the front of your house.

绘制涡轮通风口,坐在房屋屋顶的顶部。
涡轮通风口带有空气运动,从阁楼中提取热量。

Gable vent.山墙通风口are louvered triangles or square vents that fit at the ends of the attic, near the roof’s peak. They are the least-effective exhaust vent option, but they are commonly found on older homes and are considerably easier to install.

家庭进气口

进气口通过屋檐或拱腹散发较冷的空气。进气口的类型包括:

拱腹通风口。If you are undertaking new construction or replacing your eaves or soffits, you may consider installing拱腹通风口,是横穿整个拱腹区域的金属百叶窗框架。

房屋阁楼的剪裁图,包括通过拱腹通风口的空气运动方向。
拱腹通风孔鼓励通过阁楼进行空气循环。© Don Vandervort, HomeTips

Eave vent.Eave ventsare typically circular-shaped vents are commonly added to a house to improve attic ventilation. They sit under the eaves, between the rafters, and run along two sides of the house.

after通风口。一种rafter vent works in coordination with intake and exhaust vents. These keep attic insulation from blocking airflow from soffit and eave vents to the upper exhaust vents.

基础通风口。基础通风口are as their name implies, installed along the foundation of your home. These louvered metal vents allow air to circulate throughout a basement or crawl space and prevent dangerous moisture from building up beneath the house.

Illustration of a house's foundation, including a close-up view of a vent.
基础通风口allow air circulation beneath a house.© Don Vandervort, HomeTips

热恢复呼吸机。热恢复通风系统(HRV)可让您在不排出昂贵加热或冷却的空气的情况下通风。有关更多信息,请参阅热恢复通风系统

Drawing of a heat-recovery ventilator, located in a house's basement.
热恢复通风系统(HRV)© Don Vandervort, HomeTips

特色资源:Find a Pre-Screened Local Whole-House Fan Installation Contractor


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关于唐·范德沃特
Don Vandervort has developed his expertise for more than 30 years, as Building Editor for Sunset Books, Senior Editor at Home Magazine, author of more than 30 home improvement books, and writer of countless magazine articles. He appeared for 3 seasons on HGTV’s “The Fix,” and served as MSN’s home expert for several years. Don founded HomeTips in 1996.阅读有关Don Vandervort的更多信息