Whether your home is heated by a forced-air furnace, an oil-fired gravity furnace, electric radiant heaters, a heat pump, or some other means, the key to affordable comfort is making sure that you have an efficient system that’s operating properly. Older, inefficient heating systems—or improperly maintained equipment—can waste a tremendous amount of energy.

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If you are in the market for a new, high-efficiency heating system, now is the time to consider buying. Incentives and rebates are available from some state governments and utility companies—these can save you hundreds of dollars when you purchase a qualifying model.

This section of HomeTips will guide you through issues related to buying new heating equipment, installing certain types of appliances and materials that affect your home’s heating, repairing problems with furnaces, and basic maintenance.

如何购买高效的炉子

When buying a new furnace, it is critically important to choose a model that will heat your home quickly, completely, and efficiently. To do this, you will need to understand the various types available, how efficiency is rated, and how to choose just the right size—one that it isn’t so large that it wastes energy but is large enough to heat your home sufficiently. For a complete guide to buying a new high efficiency furnace, seeBuying a High-Efficiency Furnace.

Also See:如何购买炉子

Furnace Fuels

For their heat source, furnaces use either natural gas, liquid propane, oil, electricity, or even wood or wood-based pellets. Where available, natural gas tends to be preferred because it is clean-burning, piped directly into the house, and relatively inexpensive.

强制空气炉如何工作

In contemporary homes, ducted air systems are the most common type of central heating and cooling. There are two main types of ducted systems: forced-air and older gravity furnaces. Forced-air furnaces are by far the more common of the two. Though both forced-air and gravity furnaces take advantage of duct work to circulate room air through the heating system, forced-air furnaces have a blower to assist delivery. They can be combined with an air conditioner or heat pump to deliver cooled air in the summer. For more about how they work, see中央供暖方式.

通过较旧的重力熔炉,对流电流(由热空气的自然趋势引起)通过从位于主楼水平或低于主楼水平的炉子中通过系统携带加热的空气。重力系统往往具有非常大的空气管道,并且只能递送温暖的空气。因为他们没有从现代技术中受益,所以它们是大能源浪费。如果您不确定炉子是否是重力炉,请参阅重力熔炉和蒸汽锅炉.

Furnace故障排除和维修

Don’t put off dealing with furnace problems. At the very least, they can be uncomfortable and/or waste a lot of energy. At the worst, they can be dangerous. Though it is necessary to call a qualified HVAC repairperson for many issues, you can handle some types of diagnostics and repairs yourself when given some basic instruction. For step-by-step information on solving common furnace problems, seeFurnace故障排除和维修.

Do-It-Yourself Heating Tips

安装新的强制空气炉超出了大多数房主的技能,但您可以为您的家中提供许多事情来帮助努力有效地加热它。有关此信息,请参阅9尖提示有效加热.

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About Don Vandervort
Don Vandervort开发了30多年的专业知识,作为日落书籍的建筑编辑,家庭杂志的高级编辑,30多本家庭改进书籍,以及无数杂志文章的作家。他出现了3个赛季的HGTV的“修复”,并担任MSN的家庭专家几年。唐成立于1996年的统计。Read more about Don Vandervort