Is your tap water safe to drink? Unfortunately, as discussed in the articleIs Your Water Safe?, it may not be.
Because unhealthy levels of contaminants such as bacteria, lead, and pesticides are found in both metropolitan and well water supplies, it’s important to know whether pollutants exist in your water. And, if they do, you need to know how to supply your home with clean water.
Buying bottled water is the quickest and, initially, cheapest way to get clean drinking water. But over the long haul, it is far more expensive, and plastic bottles are wasteful and an environmental blight.
Producers of bottled waters are regulated by the same standards imposed on public water systems and are also self-regulated by the International Bottled Water Association. Club sodas, carbonated waters, seltzers, and waters containing more than 1 percent flavoring are not covered by these standards.
水filters are the more permanent solution. Many types of water filters are made, and they range widely in sophistication and price. They may use reverse-osmosis, activated carbon, or ultra-violet rays to clean or purify water.
Should you buy an under-the-sink reverse-osmosis filter, or will a simple spout-mounted carbon filter do? Scores of companies claim to have the latest and greatest answer to your water needs. What are your other options?
The effectiveness of a water filter at removing specific contaminants depends upon the technology used. So, it’s important to know what needs to be removed from your water—and that involves testing.
This section of HomeTips explores the issues of clean drinking water, how to get water testing accomplished, comparing filter technologies, and how to install a water filter.
If your water tastes, smells, or looks bad, afilter containing activated carbon(AC) may solve the problem. If you want to remove chlorine, pesticides, herbicides, radon, trihalomethanes (THMs), and some inorganic chemicals, carbon may do the trick.
You can’t rely on a conventional carbon filter to remove salts, nitrates, nitrites, and some metals. And you shouldn’t rely exclusively on one to remove organisms. In fact, be aware that a carbon filter will accumulate the contaminants removed from water, and bacteria may even breed in it, so you must replace filter cartridges religiously, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
A carbon filter that contains pesticide silver may be registered—but, remember, is not endorsed—by the EPA. Studies show that these are not fully effective at eliminating bacterial growth or microbiological contaminants. Again, be sure any such claims are substantiated.
Effectiveness of a particular carbon unit is a factor of the amount of activated carbon it contains. You can buy whole-house, under-counter, countertop, and faucet-mounted styles, but the $30 faucet-end models are only marginally effective. Known as point-of-entry (POE) systems, whole-house units are recommended where a contaminant such as radon poses a threat to the entire household.
If you must remove inorganic chemicals such as salts, metals (including lead), minerals, nitrates, asbestos, and some organic chemicals, consider areverse-osmosis (RO) water filter.
Most RO filters are connected directly to plumbing and are located beneath the sink. A small tank stores clean water until needed, and tainted water drains out through a line connected to the sink trap. Drinking water flows through a special, separate sink-top spout.
Some models have an automatic valve that eliminates the waste typically associated with RO filters—conventional models waste about 3 gallons for every gallon of water they produce. They generally cost from $200 to $400.
If you just want a portable, sink-top appliance that will rid water of most dissolved solids, such as salts, asbestos fibers, metals, minerals, particles, and some organic chemicals, an inexpensivewater distiller可能只是事情。
Distillers heat water until it turns to steam and then condenses the steam back into water in a separate chamber, leaving behind anything that won’t travel in the steam.
除非与碳过滤器结合，否则它们不会去除所有化学污染物和所有细菌。大多数必须手动填充，他们使用大量的电力来运行，并且可能需要几个小时才能产生1加仑的水。价格从80美元到400美元不等 - 大多数流行型号约为200美元。
UV Water Purifiers
Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection water filters, which typically cost $150 or more, may kill bacteria and viruses, and clear the taste and odor of water, but they are not effective against chemical pollutants and may not work against cysts and spores.UV may be combined with carbon filtersto kill bacteria; these units tend to cost from $300 to $700.
With the popularity of water-treatment devices, a number of manufacturers have introduced products that integrate water systems seamlessly into the kitchen. For example, American Standard makes theStreaming filtering faucetthat works with an under-sink filter to deliver filtered water through the main kitchen faucet.
Frigidaire offers a built-inPureSource Ice & Water Filterin its Gallery Side-by-Side refrigerators, and the GE Profile Performance Side-by-Side refrigerator offers a “Water by Culligan” built-in filter. Just be sure whatever product you buy utilizes the type of filter needed to mitigate your water problems.
Before you buy, shop around, scrutinizing price, features, capacity, frequency, and cost of filter replacement and warranties. For a listing of certified units and the contaminants they remove, you can contact the independent testing organization NSF International at (800) NSF-HELP and request the Water Fact Kit.
You can also visit its Certified Product Database at www.nsf.org. By doing your homework, you’re sure to find a product that will offer your family clear, clean water for many years.
To find the right treatment device for your problems, shop around; you will find distinct differences in price, installation methods, maintenance requirements, and warranties.
警惕,如果一个销售人员声称一个设备有环保局pproval. The EPA doesn’t test or approve products, it only registers them. (For a listing of certified units and the contaminants they remove, contact the independent testing organization NSF International at 800-NSF-MARK or www.nsf.org.
Featured Resource:Find a Local Water Treatment Installation Pro