Is your tap water safe to drink? Unfortunately, as discussed in the articleIs Your Water Safe?, it may not be.

Because unhealthy levels of contaminants such as bacteria, lead, and pesticides are found in both metropolitan and well water supplies, it’s important to know whether pollutants exist in your water. And, if they do, you need to know how to supply your home with clean water.

购买正确的滤水器可以确保清洁,安全的饮用水。Dreamstime

Buying bottled water is the quickest and, initially, cheapest way to get clean drinking water. But over the long haul, it is far more expensive, and plastic bottles are wasteful and an environmental blight.

Producers of bottled waters are regulated by the same standards imposed on public water systems and are also self-regulated by the International Bottled Water Association. Club sodas, carbonated waters, seltzers, and waters containing more than 1 percent flavoring are not covered by these standards.

水filters are the more permanent solution. Many types of water filters are made, and they range widely in sophistication and price. They may use reverse-osmosis, activated carbon, or ultra-violet rays to clean or purify water.

Should you buy an under-the-sink reverse-osmosis filter, or will a simple spout-mounted carbon filter do? Scores of companies claim to have the latest and greatest answer to your water needs. What are your other options?

The effectiveness of a water filter at removing specific contaminants depends upon the technology used. So, it’s important to know what needs to be removed from your water—and that involves testing.

相关文章:

This section of HomeTips explores the issues of clean drinking water, how to get water testing accomplished, comparing filter technologies, and how to install a water filter.

水过滤器的类型

如果您的水的唯一问题是砂砾,污垢,沉积物,生锈或其他颗粒,则筛选过滤器可能就足够了。由纤维,织物,陶瓷或其他筛选介质制成,这些只是捕获颗粒,包括在某些情况下,包括囊肿和一些细菌等小生物。但是,不要依靠它们来处理引起疾病的生物,VOC,金属等。

碳水过滤器

If your water tastes, smells, or looks bad, afilter containing activated carbon(AC) may solve the problem. If you want to remove chlorine, pesticides, herbicides, radon, trihalomethanes (THMs), and some inorganic chemicals, carbon may do the trick.

有些(但不是全部)碳过滤器可有效减少铅含量。固体块和预涂料吸收过滤器陷阱铅。检查您有兴趣购买的单位的认证,如果提出了有关销售潜在客户的要求,请寻求证明。

简单的碳过滤器attach to the faucet, polishing taste and removing some contaminants.库里根

You can’t rely on a conventional carbon filter to remove salts, nitrates, nitrites, and some metals. And you shouldn’t rely exclusively on one to remove organisms. In fact, be aware that a carbon filter will accumulate the contaminants removed from water, and bacteria may even breed in it, so you must replace filter cartridges religiously, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

A carbon filter that contains pesticide silver may be registered—but, remember, is not endorsed—by the EPA. Studies show that these are not fully effective at eliminating bacterial growth or microbiological contaminants. Again, be sure any such claims are substantiated.

Effectiveness of a particular carbon unit is a factor of the amount of activated carbon it contains. You can buy whole-house, under-counter, countertop, and faucet-mounted styles, but the $30 faucet-end models are only marginally effective. Known as point-of-entry (POE) systems, whole-house units are recommended where a contaminant such as radon poses a threat to the entire household.

反渗透水过滤器

If you must remove inorganic chemicals such as salts, metals (including lead), minerals, nitrates, asbestos, and some organic chemicals, consider areverse-osmosis (RO) water filter.

APEC reverse-osmosis drinking water filterAPEC

实际上,大多数型号包括碳前过滤器和后过滤器,它们会捕获沉积物,农药,除草剂,THM和ra。RO滤波器删除铅,但有些则不会去除氯(如果要求这样做,请求性能证明)。碳后过滤器用于改善水的味道。

过滤前和后滤器应每年更换。

Most RO filters are connected directly to plumbing and are located beneath the sink. A small tank stores clean water until needed, and tainted water drains out through a line connected to the sink trap. Drinking water flows through a special, separate sink-top spout.

Some models have an automatic valve that eliminates the waste typically associated with RO filters—conventional models waste about 3 gallons for every gallon of water they produce. They generally cost from $200 to $400.

水Distillers

If you just want a portable, sink-top appliance that will rid water of most dissolved solids, such as salts, asbestos fibers, metals, minerals, particles, and some organic chemicals, an inexpensivewater distiller可能只是事情。

Countertop water distiller purifiers water by turning it to steam.Megahome

Distillers heat water until it turns to steam and then condenses the steam back into water in a separate chamber, leaving behind anything that won’t travel in the steam.

除非与碳过滤器结合,否则它们不会去除所有化学污染物和所有细菌。大多数必须手动填充,他们使用大量的电力来运行,并且可能需要几个小时才能产生1加仑的水。价格从80美元到400美元不等 - 大多数流行型号约为200美元。

UV Water Purifiers

Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection water filters, which typically cost $150 or more, may kill bacteria and viruses, and clear the taste and odor of water, but they are not effective against chemical pollutants and may not work against cysts and spores.UV may be combined with carbon filtersto kill bacteria; these units tend to cost from $300 to $700.

Buying a Water Filtering Faucet

With the popularity of water-treatment devices, a number of manufacturers have introduced products that integrate water systems seamlessly into the kitchen. For example, American Standard makes theStreaming filtering faucetthat works with an under-sink filter to deliver filtered water through the main kitchen faucet.

Filtering faucet delivers filtered water right through the main tap.American Standard

Frigidaire offers a built-inPureSource Ice & Water Filterin its Gallery Side-by-Side refrigerators, and the GE Profile Performance Side-by-Side refrigerator offers a “Water by Culligan” built-in filter. Just be sure whatever product you buy utilizes the type of filter needed to mitigate your water problems.

Before you buy, shop around, scrutinizing price, features, capacity, frequency, and cost of filter replacement and warranties. For a listing of certified units and the contaminants they remove, you can contact the independent testing organization NSF International at (800) NSF-HELP and request the Water Fact Kit.

You can also visit its Certified Product Database at www.nsf.org. By doing your homework, you’re sure to find a product that will offer your family clear, clean water for many years.

Shopping for a Water Filter

To find the right treatment device for your problems, shop around; you will find distinct differences in price, installation methods, maintenance requirements, and warranties.

警惕,如果一个销售人员声称一个设备有环保局pproval. The EPA doesn’t test or approve products, it only registers them. (For a listing of certified units and the contaminants they remove, contact the independent testing organization NSF International at 800-NSF-MARK or www.nsf.org.

您可以通过630-505-0160或www.wqa.org与水质协会联系来找到认证的经销商。

Featured Resource:Find a Local Water Treatment Installation Pro

接下来见:
How to Install a Water Filter
Is Your Drinking Water Safe?
Kitchen Instant Hot Cold Water Dispenser Buying Guide
How to Solve压力问题

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About Don Vandervort
Don Vandervort has developed his expertise for more than 30 years, as Building Editor for Sunset Books, Senior Editor at Home Magazine, author of more than 30 home improvement books, and writer of countless magazine articles. He appeared for 3 seasons on HGTV’s “The Fix,” and served as MSN’s home expert for several years. Don founded HomeTips in 1996.Read more about Don Vandervort