您如何防止房屋的管道系统分解或需要进行重大维修?这是避免管道错误的专家建议。

我们的行动可能是对我们家庭管道系统的最大威胁。如果您将错误的东西从垃圾处处理或做得不好的DIY工作中洗净,则可能会冒着昂贵w88优德官网手机中文版的维修或直接紧急情况下的风险。阅读本文以避免常见的管道错误以及防止损坏家庭管道系统的建议。

1.冲洗“可冲洗湿巾”

询问他们对“可冲洗湿巾”的感觉,他们会告诉您这些一次性湿巾是每个水管工的噩梦。不要冲洗厕所!

Why? Because they are likely to create a partial blockage in the drain and, as more go down your sewer line, they can become compacted over time to create a complete drain clog. When this happens, the home’s drain system becomes completely backed up.

一个堵塞的厕所里充满了水
水从厕所,浴缸或洗衣机等灯具上升和其他固定装置表示完全阻塞。

水从厕所,浴缸或洗衣机等灯具上升和其他固定装置表示完全阻塞。如果可冲洗的擦拭室沿线进一步放置,则房屋中的其他固定装置也可能备份。

删除这种类型的堵塞可能会使房主花费500美元以上。

一般的经验法则?如果不是卫生纸,请不要冲洗。

2. Pouring grease down the drain

用油脂热锅烹饪后,您对排水管的最糟糕的事情是将油脂倒入厨房的水槽排水管上。随着润滑脂在冷却器水龙头中固化,它将粘在排水管的墙壁上,并开始建造厚实的笨拙的阻塞。

水暖管内的油脂堆积
热油脂倒入排水口将巩固从冷却器水龙头中当它到达凉水时。并开始粘在排水管的墙壁上产生阻塞。This causes it to congeal and stick to the interior walls of the drain, creating a blockage.

When this happens, a drain line needs to be “hydro-jetted” to clear the blockage—where a plumber blasts high-pressure water through your pipes at a cost of $200 to $500. Instead, pour the cooking grease and oil into a container and dispose of it according to the recommendations of your local waste-removal service.

3. Choosing the wrong drain cleaner

When trying to open a clogged drain, the first and fastest fix for most homeowners is to use a liquid drain cleaner that dissolves the blockage.

当完全排水管堵塞时,人们倾向于使用他们可以找到的最强大的酸性液体排水清洁剂。在某些情况下,这实际上会造成损害。积极的排水清洁剂不应与固定装置接触,因为它们可以将瓷器或不锈钢蚀刻或蚀刻。更好的解决方案是蛇排水或打电话给水管工。

但是,如果在某些情况下正确使用,排水清洁器可以工作。但是,请使用正确的一种用于您要清洁的排水类型。

用于厨房堵塞, use a drain cleaner that will remove the fat and grease that gets into the drain.

用于浴室,使用一些制定皂垢和头发that is commonly found in that type of drain. Also be aware that most chemical cleaners need at least some flow so the acid solution can reach the blockage. In some cases, it’s necessary to mechanically clear the block with a plunger or plumbing auger (snake) so the chemicals can effectively flow through the sewer line and adhere to the blockage.

Always follow safety precautions when using drain cleaning chemicals—caustic cleaners can be hazardous. Read all label directions carefully before using a product, have proper PPE available, and avoid contact with your skin, eyes, or clothing.

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4. Improper use (or failing to use) thread sealant tapes

当您想更换淋浴喷头或连接螺纹金属管时,请使用螺纹密封胶带,然后(正确)密封接头,并在需要时使连接更易于拆卸。

将特氟龙胶带涂在管道线上的手
Once you have selected the correct tape sealant for your application, you will wrap the tape 3-5 revolutions in a clockwise motion keeping the tape just above the last male thread of the pipe or fitting. Wrapping the pipe in the same direction that you would screw it into the fitting will prevent the tape from unraveling during assembly.

Wrap the sealant tape clockwise around the threads with 3 to 5 revolutions. If you wrap it the wrong direction, the sealant tape will unravel when you screw on the shower head or pipe fitting. When this happens, the connection may leak, leading to expensive water damage over time.

如照片中所示,使用灰色胶带将与固定装置的饰面相匹配,并且不太明显。知道如何选择并应用正确的磁带对于特定项目,将来可以节省您昂贵的水暖修复程序。

5. Improper use of a garbage disposal

将马铃薯皮扔在垃圾处理中可能会使厨房清理更容易,但是浓密的淀粉w88优德官网手机中文版混乱可能会对垃圾处理或您的管道造成严重破坏。

损坏的垃圾处理w88优德官网手机中文版
w88优德官网手机中文版垃圾处理仅用于可生物降解的材料。

垃圾处理中的研磨机将废物置于可管理的尺w88优德官网手机中文版寸中,然后将其放在排水系统上。当该系统被滥用时,它会导致堵塞厚度,并且在环境上是不重要的。有关基本垃圾处理护理和维修的信息,请参阅w88优德官网手机中文版如何修复垃圾处理 - Dw88优德官网手机中文版IY维修。

6. Not knowing the location of water shutoff valves

在紧急情况下,例如意外的管道破裂,重要的是要知道如何关闭水。当您在厨房或浴室中切换固定装置时,您还需要此信息。有关您可以在哪里找到房屋关闭阀的信息,请参阅How to Turn Off the Water to Your House or a Single Fixture

您可以在靠近主供水管进入房屋的地方找到主要的水关闭。每个水槽或卫生间通常都在服务管上的关闭阀(通常它们直接在固定装置下方)。

带有红色旋钮的水关闭阀
重要的是要知道关闭阀在您的房屋或建筑物中的位置,例如紧急情况像爆破管道一样。

When valves are installed they typically sit idle for a long time until they are used. Since they are not turned on regularly, it’s important to turn them off and on about once a year to keep them from seizing up.

7.在冬天之前未能冬季管道

Winterizing pipes involves a series of steps that prepare a home’s interior and exterior plumbing to withstand below-freezing temperatures without freezing. This protects against devastating pipe bursts and leaks.

随着水的冻结并变成冰,它会膨胀。扩展很快就会在管道内产生压力,最终会破坏管道。

For more, see冬季家庭灌溉

8.过度牢固的管道连接

在安装底层管道或管道固定装置时,不要过度润湿接头。这些管道连接不需要太多的力来密封。过度触及会损坏内部密封件,并在以后进行艰难的维修工作。

A woman working below a leaking sink
Over-tightening pipe connections is a common mistake that DIY homeowners make.

Hand tightening followed by a ¼ to ½ turn with a wrench is sufficient for water supply line connections feeding the majority of fixtures in a home. One answer is to err on the side of under-tightening, and then test the connection. If a leak occurs, you can always tighten the connection more.

关于作者:Sean Comerford is a Technical Customer Service Specialist at Oatey Co. He is third-generation tradesman with nearly 20 years of plumbing experience, including serving as the lead plumber for commercial/residential new construction, service and fire protection jobs. He holds a State of Ohio Fire Protection License for Sprinkler and Standpipe.