Expert illustrated advice and video on how to clean rain gutters, including DIY roof gutter cleaning techniques and how to hire a gutter cleaning service.

排水沟是房屋排水系统不可或缺的一部分。在暴雨期间,屋顶排水沟从一个非常大的表面(一个房屋的屋顶)径流到可以从房屋中排出的地方。通过这样做,它们可以保护壁板,窗户,门和地基免受水损害,并有助于防止地下室洪水泛滥。

To do their job, gutters and downspouts must be clear of leaves and debris. When gutters clog, drain outlets will dam up and rainwater will fill the gutters. Clogged gutters overflow and eventually pull loose. Water that pools in troughs will rot wood gutters and rust sheet-metal ones.

Plan to clean the gutter system every spring and fall—more often if your roof is directly beneath trees. The best time to clean gutters is after fall winds have blown leaves from the trees but before rain has made the leaves a soggy mess inside gutters.

注意:天沟守卫和捕叶机可能有助于最大程度地减少清洁沟槽的需求。但是,碎片最终通过警卫安装,然后必须将其清除以进行天沟清洁。在购买捕叶系统之前,请确保可以轻松将其清除以进行清洁。

For more, seeHow to Buy Gutter Guards & Leaf Catchers

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How Much Does Gutter Cleaning Cost?

The easiest and safest way to clean gutters is to hire a gutter cleaning service. But how much does gutter cleaning cost?

Nationally, the average cost of having a gutter service clean gutters is about$150.这说明,整个房屋的排水沟清洁价格可能只有75美元或350美元,具体取决于该地区以及工作的程度和性质。

The cost is usually calculated by square feet or, more commonly, the linear foot. Figure the price of cleaning gutters will run from about$.50 to $1.50 per linear foot。测量房屋的周长,以大概了解您的房屋有多少线性脚。

hanging holiday lights
测量房子的周长计算线性费用t of gutter required.©Don Vandervort,Hometips

The size and height of the roof are big factors in the price of cleaning gutters. If, for a 2- or 3-story house, a gutter cleaning company needs several very tall ladders and special safety equipment, the job is going to cost significantly more than cleaning the gutters on a single-level home. Local labor rates will also affect the price.

如果松树或其他常绿的树将针头掉到您的屋顶上,这也可以提高排水沟清洁的价格。将叶子,针和碎屑从天沟槽中取出,价格就越高,价格就越高。

Gutter guards are another factor. If your gutters are protected by gutter guards, less debris is likely to filter into the gutter troughs. On the other hand, if the gutter guards are difficult to remove and replace for gutter cleaning, gutter guards can add to the price.

The only sure way to know how much cleaning the gutters on you house will cost is to get bids. Ideally, get estimates from two or three gutter cleaning services so you can compare. Our service partner, Home Advisor, can arrange free bids for you. Click this link to check them out:

GUTTER CLEANING SERVICES NEAR ME

How to Clean Gutters Yourself

If you have the necessary equipment and fortitude, DIY gutter cleaning is a money-saving option.

But only take on this task if you can work safely from a ladder or the roof. If your roof is higher than a single story, you’re probably better off hiring a gutter cleaning service pro. Landing in the hospital ER is not worth saving a couple hundred bucks.

从梯子上使用常规的天沟清洁工具工作时,请选择一个坚固的梯子,然后将其放在坚固的水平基础上。考虑到您会经常移动梯子,高大的梯子比延伸梯子更容易使用。

If you must lean an extension ladder against a gutter, you can protect the gutter from bending by placing a short piece of 2 by 4 inside it. Ladder stabilizers also make it safer.

Stand on the ladder with your hips between the rails, and don’t lean out over the sides. Never stand on the top two rungs. For more safety advice, please seeLadders: The Ultimate Guide to Choice and Safe Use

从坚固的梯子上工作,并戴上手套,以保护您的手免受锋利的金属和钣金螺钉的侵害。
Work from a sturdy ladder extended above the eaves, and wear gloves to protect your hands from sharp metal and sheet metal screws.vlue / shutterstock.com

When cleaning gutters, wearheavy work gloves为了保护您的手,因为排水沟经常有锋利的金属零件或螺丝点伸入槽中。

Also wear safety glasses or goggles. In some situations, it’s helpful to have a bucket for collecting debris and a dropcloth for protecting areas beneath the gutter.

A small garden trowel makes scooping debris out of gutters an easier job. Wear gloves to protect your hands from muck, sharp metal, and sheet metal screws.
A small garden trowel or plastic gutter scoop makes scooping debris out of gutters an easier job. Wear gloves to protect your hands from muck, sharp metal, and sheet metal screws.Photographoe.eu / shutterstock.com

在开始之前,请耙或使用叶子鼓风机将叶子和碎屑从屋顶上吹下来,因此下一个大雨不会将其冲入水沟中,再次将其填充。仅当您可以在屋顶上安全工作并且屋顶的音高非常低时才这样做。

Never work on the roof in wet, icy, or windy conditions. Wear non-slip shoes, and never lean over the edge or work near power lines.

Step-by-Step Gutter Cleaning

1挖出松散的碎屑。从排水沟低端的排水插座开始,使用狭窄的花园抹子或沟渠to scoop out loose debris, working away from the drain outlet.

scoop out gutters
Use a garden trowel to scoop debris out of the gutter.©Don Vandervort,Hometips

It’s usually easiest to do this when the debris is slightly damp and pliable, not soggy or dried and encrusted. To minimize cleanup later, you can scoop the debris into a plastic bucket or plastic bags.

2Blast out the gutters with a hose.Using an开关高压喷嘴mounted at the end of a water hose, wash out each length of gutter, working toward the drain outlet.

flush gutters with hose
A high-pressure spray nozzle on a hose flushes small debris down the downspouts.©Hometips

Obviously, this can be a messy job. Do your best to avoid splattering mud all over your house and yourself. If necessary, use a stiff scrub brush to remove encrusted dirt.

3排水管清除障碍物。If water doesn’t drain freely through the drainpipes, try flushing the debris down them with a hose. If that doesn’t work, use aplumber’s auger(snake) to free and pull out the debris from the bottom or, in some situations, to push it through from the top.

plumbing snake in downspout
A plumber’s snake can break clogs that keep downspouts from draining properly.©Hometips

视频:如何从梯子上清洁排水沟

该视频很好地显示了手工清洁排水沟的整个过程,并借助软管和高压喷嘴:

特色资源:Find a Gutter Cleaning Service Near You

视频:使用吹叶机清洁排水沟

几乎每个曾经清理过排水沟的人都试图提出一种更好,更轻松的方法。一个不可避免的选择是将叶吹器(一种旨在吹叶子吹在地面上)的工具将叶子从排水沟中吹出。这可以做几种不同的方式。

The Dangerous Option

Although we do not recommend it, a method sometimes used by home handymen is to blow dry debris out of gutters with a leaf blower from the roof.除非屋顶较低且低倾斜,否则请勿使用此方法!If you use this method, wear goggles and a dust mask, andbe extremely careful when working on top of the roof—this is very dangerous!

Just to give you a view of what this is like, here is a video by Jonny DIY, a free-wheeling young guy who appears to have no fear at the roof’s edge. Again, we do not recommend this method because of the danger involved in working along a roof’s edge.

The Safer Option: Blowing from Below

A much better option than climbing onto the roof is to use a排水沟清洁kitthat fits onto to a leaf blower.

Combined with a强大的40伏叶机, this allows you to work from the ground. It works particularly well with low-level gutters filled with dry leaves.

用鼓风机清洁排水沟
Worx® gutter cleaning kit attached to leaf blower allows blowing out the gutters from below.Worx®

Again, you’ll want to wear goggles and old clothes to protect yourself from the flurry of leaves and debris that could blow down on you.

Here is a helpful video by MarkThomasBuilder about how this leaf blower gutter cleaning kit works:

How to Maintain Rain Gutters

在春季和秋季检查并清除排水沟。您也可能不得不松开已吹入水沟并用坚硬的刷子擦洗它们的污垢。从软管上用水流冲洗水沟,将清除屋檐和落水管的材料。

The slope of gutters may need to be adjusted from time to time to keep water moving toward downspouts. Run water through them, and, if they drain slowly, reposition them so that they slope toward the downspouts at a rate of 1/4 inch for every 10 feet.

Be sure your downspouts expel water well away from your house. If necessary, adddownspout extenders将水带走(见How to Fix Gutters and Downspouts). Also consider concrete orplastic splash blocks,略微倾斜,延伸至至少4英尺。

If your climate delivers abundant rainfall, you may want to have your downspouts run into a dry well. The well should be a hole 2 to 4 feet wide and 3 feet deep or a 55-gallon drum, with both ends removed and filled with rocks, that you’ve buried and punctured with holes. Underground drainage pipes should slope to the dry well, which will effectively keep water away from the house’s foundation. Check local building codes before installing.

Also check downspouts for rust, flaking, or peeling paint, plus leaks, and make sure they are affixed tightly against the fascia boards. Check the fascia boards themselves for dry rot or other damage, and, if need be, replace them with lumber treated with wood preservative that is finished to match the other boards.


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关于唐·范德沃特
唐Vandervort铁道部的发展他的专长e than 30 years, as Building Editor for Sunset Books, Senior Editor at Home Magazine, author of more than 30 home improvement books, and writer of countless magazine articles. He appeared for 3 seasons on HGTV’s “The Fix,” and served as MSN’s home expert for several years. Don founded HomeTips in 1996.阅读有关Don Vandervort的更多信息