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年度
多年生植物

Flowering plants are generally divided into two categories: annuals and perennials. Though they can be used interchangeably, each has its own pluses and minuses.

Whether you choose annuals, perennials, or a mix of the two, be aware of each plant’s cultural requirements: in plain terms, the amount of sun and water they need to thrive. Sun-loving plants will struggle in shade; likewise, shade-loving plants will never be happy in full sun.

浇水需求也有所不同。有些植物需要大量的水,而那些更耐旱的植物会因浇水过多而受到伤害。让自己轻松;选择与花园中的条件相匹配的植物,并将具有相似阳光和水需求的植物放在一起。

年度

As the name implies, annuals last for just one year. They’re the bright blooms you’ll often see up front in nurseries and home centers. They grow and bloom quickly, providing instant impact. They’re ideal for filling in empty spaces, and most will grow in all climate zones. But because they only last for a season, you’ll need to replace them yearly.

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iphis |太平间

年度are sold as either cool-season annuals or warm-season annuals. Cool-season annuals provide early color in the spring and often bloom throughout the winter in mild-winter climates. Popular cool-season annuals include pansies and sweet peas.

在温和气候的地区,将它们在冬季盛开,或在冬季末期或早春的春季开花。在寒冷的地区,可以在地面工作后立即进行植物。

在春末,夏季和初秋期间,温暖的季节一年生蓬勃发展。最爱包括向日葵和Zinnias。由于这些植物无法应付寒冷,因此需要在生长季节晚些时候种植。

在温和气候的地区,在春季中间的工厂;在较冷的气候下,一旦没有再有霜冻的危险,就将植物列出。

然而,在西南部,冬季温暖而夏季的温度也会压力,即使是最坚硬的植物,种植季节也可能扭转。秋天的冬季盛开,种植了许多温暖的季节。

由于它们的快速增长,在整个生长季节中,一年一度的营养素比其他植物需要更多的营养。种植时施用完整的肥料。如果您处于温和冬季的气候,请在植物开始开花并在夏末开花后加入氮肥。在寒冷的区域,一旦植物开始开花。注意不要过度使用。

You’ll usually find annuals sold in 6-packs or cell-packs, or in 4-inch pots. Look for smaller and bushier plants with strong-colored foliage. The roots should not be overgrown or matted. Although plants with plenty of flowers are tempting, instead choose ones with fewer flowers or even just buds. They will have more energy to put into establishing good roots.

Keep in mind that some plants sold as annuals aren’t really annuals. In cold-weather climates, tender perennials such as common geraniums (Pelargonium) that don’t survive freezing temperatures are sold as annuals. And biennials such as foxglove (Digitalis), plants that grow over a two-year cycle, may also be sold as annuals when they start blooming.

多年生植物

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多年生植物are reliable. Once you’ve planted a perennial, you can have it in your landscape for years to come. Most do not grow as quickly as annuals, often taking a year or more to reach their full size.

多年生植物也可以回到低成堆,甚至死亡disappear completely during their dormant season. But they will regrow faithfully year after year.

多年生植物最好在早春或初秋种植。如果植物在早春开花,请将它们放在上一个秋天。

Summer- and fall-blooming plants should go in the ground in early spring. Add a complete fertilizer when you plant and then be prepared to supplement with nitrogen-rich fertilizer every spring.

购买两年期时,应在购买两年一度的情况下,不要等到下一个春天。如果是早春,他们应该在即将到来的生长季节里盛开。如果是秋天,请准备好在冬季扎根,然后在明年开花。

多年生植物有各种容器,从6包或细胞包装到4英寸的锅到加仑或更大尺寸。较大的植物会立即看起来不错,但是较小的植物是一个更好的选择。它们变得更快地建立,并将迅速增长,并很快与较大植物的大小相匹配。寻找具有良好颜色,紧凑尺寸和最少花朵的植物。

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About Don Vandervort
Don Vandervort已开发了30多年的专业知识,担任Sunset Books的建筑编辑,Home Magazine的高级编辑,30多个家庭装修书籍的作者,也是无数杂志文章的作家。他在HGTV的“ The Fix”上出现了3个赛季,并担任MSN的家用专家已有数年了。唐(Don)于1996年创立了牲畜。阅读有关Don Vandervort的更多信息