Evaporative coolers, also known as “swamp coolers,” produce more effective cooling than traditional fans without the cost of air conditioning. This unbiased guide shows you how they work and how to buy the right one.

“我们应该插入粉丝或打开AC吗?”随着天气升温,这种困境通常在美国的家庭中重复。春季或初夏往往是那些年度夏季的热量不能再与粉丝缓解的时期 - 而且转移到空调似乎不必要地浪费和昂贵。

沼泽冷却器
蒸发冷却器利用蒸发使您的家用冷却器。霍尼韦尔

蒸发冷却器,因为他们的名字表明,蒸发 - 将水转化为水蒸气 - 降低环境温度并实现有效的冷却。与传统风扇相比,它们的主要优点是它们的低能耗,更有效的冷却,以及合理的成本。它们的缺点是它们对环境湿度的依赖性以及它们不会像空调那样冷静的事实。

In this overview, we will:

  • Describe how evaporative coolers work
  • 解释蒸发冷却器与风扇和空调的不同程度如何
  • 展示如何最好地使用蒸发冷却器
  • 帮助您为您的空间选择合适的冷却器

How Evaporative Coolers Work

Evaporative air coolers, as the name suggests, use the chemical process of evaporation to cool down hot air. To understand this, imagine a sweaty sensation on a hot summer’s day. The feeling is stifling until you stand in front of a fan, when its breeze evaporates the perspiration, leaving your body cool and dry. This works because heat energy is lost during the chemical conversion of liquid (perspiration) into water vapor.

蒸发冷却功能类似地。大多数蒸发空气冷却器具有三个芯部件:风扇,泵系统循环水,以及吸收和保留水的冷却介质。蜂窝冷却介质通常用于美国的便携式蒸发冷却器中。水通过冷却器循环并使蜂窝介质饱和。风扇通过介质吸入暖气,其中蒸发将水转化为水蒸气,并在另一侧吹出较冷的空气。

Evaporative coolers are not fans…or air conditioners

Traditional fans circulate air without affecting a temperature drop. The refreshing feel of a powerful fan is due to the sensation on your skin rather than an actual change in ambient temperature. Air conditioners, on the other hand, do lower indoor temperatures, but they require significant energy to do that job. Additionally, they use refrigerant gas to chemically condense hot air, and they maintain cooling by expelling that hot air outdoors. These factors make them a less environmentally-friendly choice.

蒸发冷却使用空调的一部分,与风扇不同,蒸发冷却器也很酷。仍然,它们不是空调。在测试条件下,具有理想的变量,蒸发冷却器将温度降低至15°F。对比具有更大冷却范围的空调的对比。总而言之,蒸发空气冷却器可被描述为传统风扇的升级,消耗相似的电力,而是通过蒸发的功率抛出大量较冷的空气。

如何使用蒸发冷却器

你所做的就是你出去的东西!This motivational statement has real implications when it comes to evaporative coolers. These three variables are essential for getting the most out of an evaporative cooler:

  • Ambient Air Humidity

湿度和相反,缺乏湿度莫st critical element of evaporative cooling. The drier the incoming air, the greater the amount of water vapor that will be evaporated into the outgoing air, and the greater the cooling power. Evaporative coolers work best in arid or semi-arid regions that have relative humidity below 60%. Humid climates inhibit evaporation since the incoming air is already saturated with moisture.

  • 单位水温

The colder the circulating water, the brisker the outgoing air. Many evaporative coolers will include an ice compartment, which you can load with ice and substantially
降低基础水温。

  • 通风

对于那些习惯空调的人来说,这种变量往往是一个惊喜:蒸发冷却需要交叉通风。蒸发冷却器稳定地将水合加热,干燥空气。但是,如果潮湿的空气再循环回到单位,它的功效会减少。为了有效蒸发冷却,需要保持窗户或门允许新鲜干燥空气的横向微风。

为您的空间购买正确的较冷

蒸发冷却器在家中有一系列尺寸和款式。

  • Portable Indoor Evaporative Coolers

这些型号专为家庭设计,通过紧凑的设计和便于可移植性来区分自己。将一个插入您的卧室或将其滚入您的起居室。除了用户友好的功能之外,模型之间的核心区别是他们的CFM(立方英尺/分钟)。高CFM最适合大型空间。下面的图表与CFM匹配房间尺寸。霍尼韦尔和SPT等制造商拥有各种便携式蒸发冷却器,具有丰富的功能,具有各种CFM的型号,以满足全系列的房间尺寸。
Browse Honeywell Evaporative Coolers on Amazon
在亚马逊上浏览SPT蒸发冷却器

方形镜头 Recommended CFM
Up to 250 sq. ft. 200 to 750 CFM
250到500平方英尺。 750至2000 CFM
500 to 1,000 sq. ft. 2000到4000 CFM
1,000到2,000平方英尺。 4,000至7,500 CFM
超过2,000平方英尺。 超过7,500碳水化合物

  • Portable Outdoor Evaporative Coolers

These rugged models are built to withstand the elements. Weatherproof, with some models connecting to an outdoor water supply for continuous cooling, they add a fresh breeze to your deck, patio or pool areas. Portacool offers a range of rugged and heavy-duty outdoor portable swamp coolers that are built for large open areas, perfect for outdoor events and backyard areas.Browse Portacool on Amazon

If you are looking for outdoor cooling for smaller areas on your patio or backyard, Honeywell offers a range of stylish portable outdoor coolers. The newest outdoor cooler from Honeywell has a sleek modern design while sporting a powerful blower for fast and long air throw. Designed for outdoor living, it is equipped with two beverage holders and a small storage compartment.在亚马逊看到霍尼韦尔的户外线

  • 整个房子或窗户安装蒸发冷却器

This final category is the most powerful of residential evaporative coolers. They are permanently installed into the window or mounted onto the roof, are hooked up to the home’s water supply, and essentially become a complete alternative to central air. Essick Air and Champion are reliable brands for whole house/ window mounted evaporative coolers.
Shop Essick Air Evaporative Coolers

Whatever your purchase, in the right climate, evaporative cooling is an economical, eco-friendly option to cooling your home, providing you with comfort without sacrificing your wallet.

本文由JMatek North America提供

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